Continuation of Lipids

Nutritional Directions:

Advise patients 10% of the total calorie intake should come from linoleic acid. Serum cholesterol can be reduced by a diet low in total fat and higher in MUFAs and PUFAs.

Reduce dietary cholesterol intake to less than 300 mg daily by limiting meats, whole milk, cheese, and eggs.

“Low cholesterol” on a food label can be misleading. A cholesterol-free product, such as stick margarine, can still be high in saturated and trans fatty acids, which elevates blood cholesterol.

Dietary saturated and trans fatty acids have a grater effect on serum cholesterol than dietary cholesterol.

The consumption of soluble fibers may decrease serum cholesterol.

Wise food choices to prevent heart disease are unsaturated fats found in liquid vegetable oils, nuts, and seeds, and omega 3 unsaturated fats found in fatty fish such as sardines, salmon, and shellfish.

Saturated and trans fats can increase total cholesterol and LDL cholesterol. Both types should be limited.

Interesterified fat may be listed on food labels as fully hydrogenated oil.